Middle-aged families, large public housing estates, tend to work in manufacturing, construction and transportation, storage, postal and courier services

Down-to-Earth Public Renters are people who enjoy the benefit of subsidized public rental housing benefits from the Housing Authority or Housing Society of the government. They are middle-aged, low to middle-income families with adult children in suburban public housing estates. Many of them are people who migrated from The Mainland to Hong Kong for decades. Some people may have accumulated some wealth that comes from savings due to low rent, or contributions from grown-up children that have started their careers. With low education levels or none, they mainly work in industries of manufacturing, construction, transportation, storage, and postal and courier services. They travel by bus or MTR to work.

Down-to-Earth Public Renters mainly live in suburban public housing estates that are mainly located in the New Territories. Representative areas include but not limited to Tseung Kwan O, Ma On Shan, Tai Po, Tin Shui Wai, and Tuen Mun.

H23 Down-to-Earth Owners

Tenants Purchase Scheme (TPS), slightly better-off in public tenants, small in family sizes

Down-to-Earth Owners are relatively better-off people in the public housing renter group who can afford to purchase their rental flat from the government. They are middle-aged, small families with adult children who may not live together. They are Hong Kong Chinese who speak Cantonese. They are generally lower in educational qualifications, and plenty of them completed primary education levels only. They work as craft and related workers, plant and machine operators and assemblers, service and sales workers, and clerical support workers. Under TPS, many of them bought their subsidized apartment from the government and have mostly paid off mortgages. They travel by bus or MTR to work.

Down-to-Earth Owners live in the public housing estates that are under the Tenants Purchase Scheme (TPS) of the Housing Authority. Representative estates include but not limited to Wah Kwai Estate, Fung Tak Estate, and Po Lam Estate.

H24 Inner City Middle-Aged

Middle-aged families, low income, ň┐âublic renters, remote New Territories

Inner City Middle-Aged consist of young to middle-aged people who are singles or families with kids Due to limited primary to low secondary educational level, they tend to work in blue-collar jobs in industries such as construction and transportation, storage, and postal and courier services.

Inner City Middle-Aged live in public estates located in the remote areas of the New Territories. Representative areas include but not limited to Tai Po, North District, Tuen Mun, and Tin Shui Wai. Representative estates include but not limited to Fu Heng Estate, Wah Ming Estate, Leung King Estate, and Tin Yiu Estate.

H25 Blue Collar Families

Low incomes, mainly work in blue-collar jobs, public renters, mature public estates

Blue Collar Families consist of people who were born in The Mainland and migrated to Hong Kong years ago. They have low to middle incomes. They enjoy the low rent benefits of the subsidized housing schemes from the government that allow them to have some disposable incomes for daily expenses. Due to limited primary to secondary educational levels, they tend to have blue-collar jobs in industries such as manufacturing and transportation, storage, and postal and courier services. They travel by MTR, light rail, or bus to work.

Blue Collar Families live in more mature public estates, mainly located in the New Territories. Representative areas include but not limited to Sha Tin, Tai Po, Tuen Mun, and Yuen Long. Representative estates include but not limited to Wo Che Estate, Tai Yuen Estate, Yau Oi Estate, and Long Ping Estate.

H26 Maturing Families

Young to middle-aged families, middle-aged public estate, relatively apart from the cities

Maturing Families are relatively young to middle-aged families with teenage children who are studying in secondary or post-secondary education. Their occupations are mainly low-salary jobs in areas of service or sales. They travel mostly by MTR to work. The benefits of low rent subsidized housing flats are savings for their livings.

Maturing Families live in relatively remote public estates with low rent. Representative areas include but not limited to Yau Tong, Tseung Kwan O, Ma On Shan, and Tin Shui Wai. Representative estates include but not limited to Ko Yee Estate, Hau Tak Estate, Lee On Estate, and Tin Tsz Estate.